Advances in Telephone Technology
Last week on March 10th, we celebrated the 140th anniversary of the first telephone call. The first words over a telephone were made in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell to his assistant: “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.” Bell and his assistant, Thomas Watson, won the patent race against Elisha Gray, who had also applied for a telephone patent. Today there is still competition between voice providers, and we are proud to be leading the way in VoIP innovations.
Important Phone Firsts
Here is a look at some of the milestones in phone technology, courtesy of Greatest Engineering Achievements. There are many more than we could share here. Have some fun phone history facts? Share them on Twitter @celitonet or post on our Facebook page!
1900s – Patent for loading coils, increasing transmission distance. Calls can now be made city to city.
1910s – First transcontinental phone call
1920s – Multiple phone calls can be made at the same time
1930s – Phones combine mouthpiece and receiver
1940s – First phone to combine a ringer with a handset
1950s – First transatlantic cable: connects Nova Scotia with Scotland
1960s – First commercial digital transmission system, T1 (Transmission One)
First long-distance satellite call
First touch-tone telephone
First electronic central office switching system (1 ESS) allows call forwarding and speed dialing
1970s— First portable cell phone call
First use of fiber optics by U.S. military
First digital switch
First public tests of cell phones, which would be approved in 1982
1980s — First commercially available cell phone (cost over $3,000)
1990s – Voice Over Internet Protocols (VoIP) become popular
First flip phone
2000s – First phones with camera capability
First touchscreen smartphones
Innovative, if not practical, first car phone.
One of the earliest car phones dates back to 1910. Swedish engineer Lars Magnus Ericsson installed a phone in his car. He and his wife Hilda used electrical wires to connect the phone to wires on phone poles. According to The Mobile Phone Book: The Invention of the Mobile Telephone Industry, “There were two long sticks, like fishing rods, handled by Hilda. She would hook them over a pair of telephone wires, seeking a pair that were free. When they were found, Lars Magnus would crank the dynamo handle of the telephone, which produced a signal to an operator in the nearest exchange.” Car phones wouldn’t become more common until the 1950s, and were a popular feature of limos.
Today’s celito VoIP system allows our clients to take advantage of features like queue management, conditional forwarding, transfers, automated attendants, disaster recovery. Here are some other benefits of the celitoVoice system.
- Contact list sorted by First Name, Last Name, Extension, or Status.
- Recording server with great reliability. It records at our Raleigh and Charlotte data centers simultaneously, and the system automatically picks the best one.
- Ability to join and leave individual queues.
- Dialed Number Stats. This is commonly used by businesses to identify the effectiveness of different ad campaigns by using different telephone numbers.
- More granularity in queue stats reports.
- Seamless transfer from landline to mobile phone.
Another fun feature? The new system has a completely open API, allowing developers to integrate their products with our phones.
If you’re looking for a local phone and Internet service provider that leads the way in telecommunications technology, reach out to celito at 919.852.1238. Or stop by 1350 Sunday Drive to try out our new Gig Office.
Sources & Interesting Reading
Telecom Milestones – History of the Telephone
Voice Nation – The First Call Ever Made
eHow – History of Car Phones
BGR – Telephone Timeline